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"AQAL: Beyond the Biopsychosocial Model"

Last post 01-28-2008, 5:39 PM by bububu. 1 replies.
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  •  03-08-2007, 11:21 AM 20289

    "AQAL: Beyond the Biopsychosocial Model"

    By Baron Short
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  •  01-28-2008, 5:39 PM 37725 in reply to 20289

    • bububu is not online. Last active: 03-10-2008, 5:36 AM bububu
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    Re: "AQAL: Beyond the Biopsychosocial Model"

    In this article it is stated that "In 1977, the biopsychosocial model was first introduced through an article published in Science, entitled "The Need for a New Medical Model: A Challenge for Biomedicine," by George L. Engel". I believe this model is a good contribution to medical science, however it's worth mentioning that it was V.M. Bekhterev (1857-1927), a Russian neurologist, who first tried to introduce the "biopsychosocial model" of disease.

    If interested, I recommend a short overview of Bekhterev's biography and concepts that was published in the Journal of the History of the Neurosciences (Volume 16, Issue 1&2, January 2007, pp. 100 - 109), entitled "Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev," by M.A. Akimenko (abstract below):
    V.M. Bekhterev (1857-1927) was an outstanding Russian neurologist, psychiatrist, psychologist, morphologist, physiologist, and public figure, who authored over 1000 scientific publications and speeches. At the beginning of the twentieth century he created a new multidimensional multidisciplinary scientific branch - psychoneurology, which included the objective knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system, psychology, psychiatry, neurology, philosophy, sociology, pedagogy, and other disciplines. Psychoneurology in V.M. Bekhterev's understanding has furthered the introduction into the idea of a "biosocial" essence of man of a third - psychological - component, thus having created a "biopsychosocial" model in the interpretation of human diseases.
    Here's a quotation from that article: "Bekhterev had formulated and popularized the idea that man should be regarded as “a single whole” or “a biosocial entity” whose understanding requires the study of human consciousness and psychology. To this purpose a Psychoneurological Institute was founded in St. Petersburg in 1907."

    Here is another quotation, this time from "Development of a Biopsychosocial Concept of Disease at the V.M. Bekhterev Institute in the Twentieth Century" (Neznanov N.G., Akimenko M.A. International Journal of Mental Health; Dec2005, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p4-10, 7p):
    In the late 1970s several works by G. Engel [1] appeared in American literature dedicated to his development of the biopsychosocial model of human diseases, which was constructed using the basic research data obtained by the American scientists P. Weisse and L. von Bertalanffy.

    However, by the beginning of the twentieth century V. M. Bekhterev (1857–1927) had already created a concept of the study of an ill person and a well person, which Bekhterev called the “study of human nature.” The objective psychology and, subsequently, reflexology developed by Bekhterev provided the basis of the concept—and promoted the forming—of a biopsychosocial model of understanding of humans.
    Bekhterev founded psychoneurology (which was different from psychoneurology as it was intended by Mobius), which
    (a) synthesized the findings of the sciences that studied not only the nervous system of humans but also one or another aspect of human behavior; (b) viewed humans as a multilevel, hierarchically organized system, in which the understanding of its integrity proceeded from one level to another, higher and more complex; and (c) was characterized by a search of an objective natural science approach to the study of psychic phenomena and of the most adequate methods of their description and explanation, with the researcher constantly oriented to the implementation of new scientific knowledge into medical practice and to its practical application in problem solving in the area of teaching and upbringing. (Neznanov N.G., Akimenko M.A., 2005)
    "The biopsychosocial understanding of human nature, which underlies psychoneurology (in Bekhterev’s interpretation) . . . considers the biological and psychosocial components to be equal" (Ibid).

    Due to the Soviet zeitgeist, Bekhterev's works, of course, were interpreted in quite a reductionistic (reflexological) way (it seems that Behkterev himself was an UR-reductionist), but I thought that it would be good to share this information with Dr. Baron Short, the author of the article in question, and all of you guys, for people like Bekhterev tried to integrate their knowledge at that time. It is probably not widely known, but Bekhterev did some study on parapsychology as well. Quite an interesting character.

    You can find these articles through various databases, I believe.
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